Bakhmut is located in a hilly area, which could give Ukrainian forces an advantage in a counterattack. They could use the hills to:
- Hide their movements from Russian forces.
- Launch attacks from above.
- Provide cover from Russian fire.
- Obstruct Russian lines of sight and communication.
For example, Ukrainian forces could use the hills to launch surprise attacks on Russian forces from above. They could also use the hills to provide cover from Russian fire and to obstruct Russian lines of sight and communication. This would make it more difficult for Russian forces to defend Bakhmut and could give Ukraine an advantage in a counterattack.
Of course, Russia would also be aware of the terrain and would take steps to mitigate its effects. However, if Ukraine is able to use the terrain to its advantage, it could give them a significant edge in a counterattack.